In December 1678 the Shield entered Delaware Bay and sailed up to Burlington, where it stopped. The river froze during the night and the people from the boat went ashore across the ice in the morning. In her came Mahlon Stacy, his wife (Rebecca) and children and several servants, men and women. The others who came in the same ship were: William Emley (for the second time), with his wife, two children (one of whom was born on the way), and two men and two women servants; Thomas Lambert, his wife, children and several men and women servants; John Lambert and servant; Thomas Revell, his wife, children and servants; Godfrey Hancock, his wife, children and servants; Thomas Potts, his wife and children; John Wood and four children; Thomas Wood, his wife and children; Robert Murfin, his wife and two children; Robert Schooly, his wife and children; James Pharo, his wife and children; Susannah Fairnsworth, her children and two servants; Richard Tattersal, his wife and children; Godfrey Newbold; John Dewsbury; Richard Green; Peter Fretwell; John Fretwell; John Newbold; one Barns, a merchant from Hull; Francis Barwick; George Parks; George Hill; John Heyres; and several more.
From History of Trenton, Raum.
In 1679, Quaker farmers led by Mahlon Stacy established the first permanent white settlement in what is now the Trenton area.
He established a grist mill at the Falls of the Delaware river in 1679, and had a total of about 500 acres of land, including orchards.
He was elected by the people of the Province of West Jersey, to sit at Burlington in the General Assembly of New Jersey in 1682. He was also that year chosen a member of Council and a justice for Burlington County. He was returned again as a member of the Assembly for the 'Yorkshire tenth', as that part of West New Jersey was known, in 1684, and was re-elected to the General Assembly in 1685
Mahlon died in 1704. In 1714, he left his house Ballifield, the mill, and all his other property to his only surviving son Mahlon Stacy, Jr., for when he attained 21 years old. Mahlon Junior sold part of his father's property to William Trent, a merchant who later became chief justice of the New Jersey colony. The community was named Trent's Town in 1719, and its name later became Trenton.
Mahlon Junior married Sarah Bainbridge in 1712, but died childless in 1742.
sources: IBM World Book Millenium; Trenton Historical Society
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updated 22 November 2019